usaascvb.info tranguergü M; larg-ral FaccI articular antaricr _ |:|ara c atlaS. FaciaI MWSnapgif Atlas of Human Anatomy by Netter. Atlas de Anatomia Humana - usaascvb.info - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. 4A Calvaria: Superior View. 4B Calvaria: Inferior View. 5 Cranial Base: Inferior View. 6 Bones of Cranial Base: Superior View. 7 Foramina of Cranial Base.

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Netters Anatomy Flash Cards, Fourth Edition - John T. usaascvb.info Ayko Nyush. John F. Kennedy Blvd. Ste Philadelphia, PA NETTER'S. Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations. Search. Advanced Search. Browse Netter Images By Region. The spine · The series of vertebrae forming the axis of . 3D Human Anatomy Software for today's student - Based on the #1 Atlas of Human Anatomy by renowned artist Frank H. Netter.

Biography[ edit ] Early life, training, and medical career[ edit ] Frank Henry Netter was born in Manhattan at 53rd Street and Seventh Avenue , and grew up wanting to be an artist. In high school, he obtained a scholarship to study at the National Academy of Design , doing so at night while continuing high school. However, his family disapproved of a career as an artist and he agreed to study medicine. After getting a degree at the City College of New York , he completed medical school at New York University and a surgical internship at Bellevue Hospital and attempted to begin practicing medicine. If a patient ever wandered into your office by mistake, he didn't pay. In particular, pharmaceutical companies began seeking Netter for illustrations to help sell new products, such as Novocain. This proved hugely popular with physicians, and a reprint without the advertising copy was even more popular. Quickly following on the success of the fold-up heart, fold-up versions of other organs were produced. Netter then proposed that a series of pathology illustrations be produced. These illustrations were distributed to physicians as cards in a folder, with advertising for CIBA products on the inside of the folder, and were also popular with physicians. Beginning in , CIBA also re-used illustrations by Netter in another series of materials to be given to physicians, the Clinical Symposia series. These were small magazine-like brochures that typically featured an extensive article on a medical condition, commonly with about a dozen of Netter's illustrations. This series was produced until at least the early s.

About Frank H. Netter, MD Frank H. Netter, born in New York in — was a gifted genius. Later he went to med-school at New York University and qualified as an M.

D in the year Frank H. Netter, M. D, a renowned physician and celebrated artist, died in More than 25 new illustrations by Dr. Machado, including the clinically important fascial columns of the neck, deep veins of the leg, hip bursae, and vasculature of the prostate; and difficult-to-visualize areas like the infratemporal fossa.

Although he was chided for this heresy by a prominent European anatomy professor, many generations of students training to be physicians rather than anatomists have appreciated Dr. The integration of physiology and clinical medicine with anatomy has led Dr.

Netter to another, more subtle, choice in his art. Many texts and atlases published during the period of Dr. The value of Dr. John A. Craig, MD Austin, Texas 4. This volume brings together two distinct but related aspects of the work of Frank H.

Netter, MD, and associated artists. Netter is best known as the creator of the Atlas of Human Anatomy, a comprehensive textbook of gross anatomy that has become the standard atlas for students of the subject. In the pages ofClinical Symposia, a series of mono- graphs published over a period of more than 50 years, and inThe Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations, this premier medical artist created superb illustrations of biological and physiological processes, disease pathology, clinical presentations, and medical procedures.

We hope that readers will find Dr. Part 1 Neuroanatomy Cerebrum—Medial Views. Inferior Views.

Frank H. Netter

Frontal View and Section. Lateral and Medial Views. General Topography. Cross Sections. Verification of this finding awaits further investigation. Anterior parietal postcentral sulcal artery also occurs as separate anterior parietal and postcentral sulcal arteries Lateral protrusion at disc level L4—5 affects L5 spinal nerve, not L4 spinal nerve.

Linear Vibrators

Schema Olfactory bulb cells: Schema Overlapping visual fields Projection on left retina Choroid Choroid Periphery Macula Projection on right retina Central darker circle represents macular zone Lighter shades represent monocular fields Each quadrant a different color Projection on right dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus Optic nerves II Optic chiasm Optic tracts Projection on left dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus Lateral geniculate bodies Optic radiation Optic radiation Calcarine sulcus Calcarine sulcus Projection on left occipital lobe Projection on right occipital lobe Structure of retina: Schema Afferent fibers Geniculum of facial nerve site of geniculate ganglion Facial canal Greater petrosal nerve Cochlear spiral ganglion Vestibular nerve Cochlear nerve Tympanic cavity Chorda tympani nerve Motor root of facial nerve and intermediate nerve Vestibulocochlear nerve VIII Medulla oblongata cross section Internal acoustic meatus Medial Superior Inferior Lateral Vestibular nuclei diagrammatic Anterior Posterior Cochlear nuclei Inferior cerebellar peduncle to cerebellum Vestibular ganglion Inferior division Superior division Saccule Ampulla of posterior semicircular duct Utricle Ampulla of superior semicircular duct Ampulla of lateral semicircular duct of vestibular nerve Head of malleus Incus Schema Intrinsic muscles of tongue Superior longitudinal Transverse and vertical Inferior longitudinal Styloglossus muscle Meningeal branch Hypoglossal nucleus Occipital condyle Inferior ganglion of vagus nerve Hypoglossal nerve XII in hypoglossal canal Ventral rami of C1, 2, 3 form ansa cervicalis of cervical plexus Superior cervical sympathetic ganglion Superior root of ansa cervicalis Internal carotid artery Inferior root of ansa cervicalis Ansa cervicalis Internal jugular vein Common carotid artery Sternothyroid muscle Sternohyoid muscle Omohyoid muscle superior belly Genioglossus muscle Geniohyoid muscle Hyoglossus muscle Thyrohyoid muscle Omohyoid muscle inferior belly Efferent fibers Afferent fibers Only muscles innervated by ulnar nerve shown Articular branches not shown Articular branch Part 2 Neurophysiology Organization of the Brain: Cell Types.

Morphology of Synapses. Neuromuscular Junction. Visceral Efferent Endings. Inhibitory Mechanisms. Chemical Synaptic Transmission. Temporal and Spatial Summation. Circulation of CSF.

Netter – Atlas de Anatomía Humana, 4ª Edición - PDF Drive

Ventral Rami. Membranes and Nerve Roots. Cholinergic and Adrenergic Synapses. Afferent Pathways. Efferent Pathways.

Pacinian Corpuscle. Visual Pathway. Vestibulospinal Tracts. In general, the frontal lobe processes motor, visual, speech, and personality modalities.

The parietal lobe processes sensory information; the temporal lobe, auditory and memory modalities; and the occipital lobe, vision. The cerebellum coordinates smooth motor activities and processes muscle position. The brainstem medulla, pons, midbrain conveys motor and sensory information and mediates important autonomic functions.

The spinal cord receives sensory input from the body and conveys somatic and autonomic motor information to peripheral targets muscles, viscera.

Cell Types Red: Motor neuron Sensory neuron Interneuron Glial and neurilemmal cells and myelin Multipolar pyramidal cell of cerebral motor cortex Astrocyte Multipolar somatic motor cell of nuclei of cranial nn.

Multipolar cell of lower brain motor centers Oligodendrocyte Corticospinal pyramidal fiber Axodendritic ending Axosomatic ending Axoaxonic ending Multipolar somatic motor cell of anterior horn of spinal cord Collateral Renshaw interneuron feedback Myelinated somatic motor fiber of spinal nerve Myelin sheath Motor endplate with Schwann cell cap Striated voluntary muscle Striated somatic muscle Motor endplate Interneurons Interneuron Astrocyte Bipolar cell of cranial n.

Unipolar cell of sensory ganglia of cranial nn. Satellite cells Schwann cell Free nerve endings unmyelinated fibers Encapsulated ending Specialized ending Muscle spindle Unipolar sensory cell of dorsal spinal root ganglion Satellite cells Myelinated afferent fiber of spinal nerve Myelin sheath Schwann cells Unmyelinated fibers Free nerve endings Encapsulated ending Muscle spindle Autonomic preganglionic sympathetic or para- sympathetic nerve fiber Myelin sheath Autonomic postganglionic neuron of sympathetic or parasympathetic ganglion Satellite cells Unmyelinated nerve fiber Schwann cells Beaded varicosities and endings on smooth muscle and gland cells Endings on cardiac muscle or nodal cells Multipolar visceral motor autonomic cell of spinal cord Blood vessel Note: Supporting cells include the neuroglia e.

This barrier consists of the capillary endothelial cells with an elaborate network of tight junc- tions and astrocytic foot processes that abut the endothelium and its basement membrane. The movement of large molecules and other substances including many drugs from the blood to the interstitial space of the CNS is restricted by the BBB.

Incoming axons lose their myelin sheaths, exhibit extensive branching, and terminate as synaptic boutons synaptic terminals or knobs on the motor neuron. Chemical neurotransmitters are contained in synaptic vesicles, which can fuse with the presynaptic membrane, release the trans- mitters into the synaptic cleft, and then bind to receptors situated in the postsynaptic membrane.

This synaptic transmission results in excitatory, inhibitory, or modulatory effects on the target cell. Acetylcholine-containing synaptic vesicles accumu- late adjacent to the presynaptic membrane and, when appropri- ately stimulated, release their neurotransmitter into the synaptic cleft. The transmitter then binds to receptors that mediate depolar- ization of the muscle sarcolemma and initiate a muscle action potential.

Rather, neurotransmitter substances are released into interstitial spaces A and B or into the bloodstream C, neu- rosecretion from expanded nerve terminal endings. This arrange- ment allows for the stimulation of numerous target cells over a wide area.

Not all smooth muscle cells are innervated. They are connected to adjacent cells by gap junctions and can therefore contract together with the innervated cells. Smooth muscle Smooth muscle cells cut Schwann cell cap enclosing nerve axons Schwann cell cap Smooth muscle cells Varicosities Terminal endings B.

Gland submandibular Sympathetic terminal ending Varicosity Schwann cell cap Schwann cell cap enclosing nerve axons Mucous cells Varicosity Parasympathetic terminal ending Serous cells Schwann cell cap enclosing nerve axons C.

Illustrated here is presynaptic inhibition left panel and postsynaptic inhibition right panel at a motor neuron. Synaptic Transmission: Inhibitory Mechanisms A. Only E fires mV spike in E terminal B. Both temporal and spatial summation can be modu- lated by simultaneous inhibitory input panel E. Inhibitory and excitatory neurons use a wide variety of neurotransmitters, some of which are summarized here.

Resting state: Partial depolarization: Temporal excitatory summation: Spatial excitatory summation with inhibition: Spatial excitatory summation:

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