Ghazi ilm din shaheed history in urdu pdf


 

Ghazi Ilm Din is Called as Shaheed-e-Namoos-e-Risalat SAW. Ghazi Ilm Din Shaheed Pdf Urdu book is all about this story as well as more info. Ilm Deen known as Ilm-ud-din (4 December – 31 October ) was a Punjabi Muslim . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. LanguageUrdu. Ghazi Ilam Deen Shaheed RA By Zafar Iqabl Nagina. Identifier GhaziIlamDeenShaheedRAByZafarIqablNagina.

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Ghazi Ilm Din Shaheed History In Urdu Pdf

Ghazi Ilm Din Shaheed A Site Where you can Read free online Best Urdu Novels . . Changez Khan History in Urdu Pdf Free Download History Books, Reading. The specter of Ghazi Ilam Din Shaheed continues to haunt Pakistan. The convicted dictions and alternate explanations of Ilam Din's story to present a hegemonic analysing one Urdu newspaper, Inqilaab, being published from Lahore. Ghazi Ilm Din Shaheed Story In Urdu Pdf Download is on Rediff pages.

The British Raj ruled India and the creation of Pakistan was still a distant dream in the hearts of the Indian Muslims. The Muslim population was understandably incensed and mass protests were held. Pressure from the Muslim community resulted in the matter being taken to Session court Lahore which found Raj Pal guilty and sentenced him. The appeal was heard by Judge Daleep Singh who gave leave to appeal on the grounds that on the basis of criticism against the religious leaders, no matter how immoral it is, is not covered by S. Thus Rajpal could not be sentenced as law did not cover blasphemous criticism against religion. The High Court decision was widely criticised and protests were made against it by Muslims of India. Ilm Din was an illiterate teenager from Lahore. His father was a carpenter. One day he was passing near Masjid mosque Wazir Khan. There was a huge crowd shouting slogans against Rajpal. The speaker thundered: "Oh Muslims!

The devil Rajpal has sought to dishonour our beloved Prophet Muhammed S. W by his filthy book! On 6th September Ilm Deen set out for the bazaar and downloadd a dagger for one rupee. Rajpal had not arrived yet. His flight had arrived at Lahore airport and he proceeded to phone the police in order to request them to provide him security.

Ilm Deen did not know what the publisher looked like. Rajpal entered the shop without detection but soon after a man alerted Ilm Din that Rajpal was inside.

The young man entered the shop, lunged forward and attacked him. He stabbed his dagger into the chest of Rajpal with such force that his heart was ripped from his body. Rajpal fell dead on the ground. Ilm Deen made no attempt to escape.

The police arrived at the scene and arrested Ilm Deen. He was kept in Mianwali jail. Jinnah urged Ilm Din to enter a plea of not guilty plea and to say that he had acted due to extreme provocation.

The fact that Ilm Din was only 19 years old would have also worked in his favour.

Ilm Din refused to offer such a plea and insisted that he was proud of his actions. This case was the only one that Jinnah ever lost. The Session Court awarded Ilm Din the death penalty. Against his wishes, the Muslims lodged an appeal, but it was rejected.

Ilm Din's execution occurred on 31st October As the noose was put around the neck of Ilm Din, he repeated before the huge crowd: "O people! W, and today they are going to hang me. I am sacrificing my life whilst reciting the kalimah shahadah - testimony of faith.

Mass demonstrations broke out and there the tension between the Hindu and Muslim communities was palpable. Two celebrated activists — Dr. The construction of this heroic figure wipes away all the inner contradictions in the narrative to make it appear as if the murder of the Hindu publisher Rajpal was his mani- fest destiny—and therefore of all Muslims.

The affective response of the Muslim subject of the state of Pakistan is not primordial, but it is generated through careful construction in the national public sphere through film, pamphlets, and books. A contested memory: Ilam Din in the colonial period The almost unified narrative around Ilam Din in the postcolonial state seems to suggest that the murder of Rajpal was met with the same resounding applause in the colonial period.

Instead, what we find is that the response to his murder is tenuous in the Muslim press. Since there is no consen- sus on whether Raj Pal should be killed during the colonial period, the first response in the Muslim press is to condemn the murder. This shows a contested Muslim public sphere, which nonetheless, eventually decides to celebrate Ilam Din once Mohammad Ali Jinnah becomes his defence lawyer.

Ghazi Ilm Din Shaheed Story In Urdu Pdf Download - Rediff Pages

One of the key reasons for which is that five years have passed since Rangeela Rasul was published when Raj Pal is murdered. In fact, if anything, there is an attempt to play down the murder.

I will work through the Urdu newspaper Inqilaab which is published from Lahore to look through these narratives. The press coverage stops after the legal changes are approved—but the issue makes news again in a more muted sense when there are two attempts on the life of Raj Pal on September 24, by Khuda Baksh and, then, 10 October by Abdul Aziz Khan.

The incidents are reported without comment. The newspaper criticises the trials of the two. The focus remains on perceived injustices in the law. April , Raj Pal is murdered. This type of act is condemnable given any circumstances and the reasons for regret in the current situation were two: one, that an individual was killed against the constitution, and, two, that the atmosphere had, to a great extent, been temperate and this event has allowed selfishly motivated groups to spread chaos.

Ilam Din is not presented as the archetype of the affective response of Muslims, but rather as a departure. This is a narrative that will slowly change. This narrative begins to change once Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who would later become the head of the Muslim League, takes up his appeal. The news that Jinnah would take up the case to defend Ilam Din appears as an advertisement on 29 June. Appeal rejected. It is also out of character with the earlier imagination.

The verse itself signifies a failed longing. The object of the longing is Ilam Din himself. The appropriation of religious and poetic symbols becomes a norm in the Muslim press after this moment. A report on 19 July begins with a Quranic verse. Instead, Ilam Din is transferred into Mianwali prison. You asked me why.

It was not wise to narrate it then. This death sentence is the manifestation of that dream. Be happy that you will be the companion of Hussain. It stipulated what is to be done with his body, where he is to be buried, the size of his grave and its surroundings. The report concludes with Ilam Din inviting the readers to meet him after he is dead by stating that 'if anyone amongst you desires to meet me then recite the darood and ayat karima.

With the grace of God I shall indeed meet him. The same day a strike 43 is announced in his honour on the day of the hanging. The reporting of his hanging itself plays highly into symbolism. Inqilaab reports: 'On Thursday morning, around 8 am, the Ghazi was given the drink of martyrdom.

His face was glowing and he was shouting, "Allah o Akbar!

All other prisoners were answering you back with such power that the voice was heard outside the jail. This leads to the initiation of civil disobedience and formation of a committee, including notably Mohammad Iqbal, to let the body be returned to Lahore, and, that it be allowed a funeral procession.

The paper continues to cover the efforts to reclaim the body and confirms the acceptance of the demand on the 10 November.

Ilam Din: in his own words The Muslim public sphere in the colonial and postcolonial period continues to speak for Ilam Din but it does not speak to him.

The narrative is contained within the Zimni Report 48 of the Ilam Din case. The report is not difficult to access. It is available at the Panjab Archives in Lahore along with the case record. Much of the larger narrative constructed in these biographies mirrors the timeline that is narrated by Ilam Din in his confession statement to the police.

However, the larger narrative can also easily be recovered FORUM from the court record, which is available from the Lahore High Court and now published in each of the biographies. But there are significant reasons for why any of the post-colonial biographers of Ilam Din who may have come across his confession statement would choose to ignore it.

The confession statement chall- enges two key elements of the narrative constructed in the post- colonial period. Ignorance The post-colonial narratives suggest that there were two public meetings on the Rajpal case one day after another in April According to these narratives, these meet- ings were where he first discovered that a book offending the Prophet had been published. The story itself is hard to believe on its own.

As noted earlier, the reporting as well as protests ended in Moreover, it is hard to believe that Ilam Din, a resident of Lahore, missed the agitation in but was able to attend two rallies against the publishing of the offensive pamphlet in Recording on 8 April, Ilam Din narrates that he made a trip to Khanewal, 'five or six months before the Lahore riots.

Getting to the bottom of motivations is not a simple task—which is indeed what Asad and Mahmud seem to indicate—but instead, they reify a particular kind of motivation over another in the name of the impossibility of accessing them. But if that is true, then it should be equally impossible to distinguish between religious affect and other forms of affect. In his confession statement, Ilam Din narrates a more complex motiv- ation, which traverses the terrain of an inner struggle with homoerotic betrayal, suicidal thoughts and religious meaning.

He begins to narrate the story of a certain Haji of whom little is narrated in any of the sources studied earlier. He narrates that Haji had stopped speaking with him a few days before Eid. Ilam Din says, 'I felt [it] very much. Consequently he did not accompany me to the Chiraghan Fair. His friend discourages him by stating 'people would say I had destroyed my life for the son of a villain […] and I would gain nothing by doing away with Haji.

He narrates having passed the office three times over the year. I was fully determined to do so. From a political point of view, they would cause a scandal. Beyond religious affect The discussion about how to deal with blasphemy—and what consti- tutes blasphemy—is very much part of contemporary debates in Muslim societies.

The paper hopes to have substantively shown how there was a much more complex interpretation of the moment when Ilam Din killed Raj Pal for allegedly publishing a blasphemous text within the Muslim public sphere. The complexity is lost as the Ilam Din story meets the postcolonial state of Pakistan undergoing a push for Islamization.

It is perhaps irrelevant to debate whether the condemnations of Ilam Din in Inqilaab are the true representation of Muslim sentiment or whether it is the utterance of Allama Iqbal venerating the young boy that reflect the true sentiments of Muslims.

Both are—and are not—at the same time. However, what we can say is that there is a significant difference in the ambiguity of discourse around Ilam Din that exists in the Muslim public sphere in the colonial period when compared to how he is venerated in the postcolonial context. The deepest reaches of human emotion—and motiv- ation—are always unreachable whether in a secular or a religious con- FORUM text.

In the context of Ilam Din, we see that a narrative that emerges in a specific context, i. This allows for the creation of a particular affective ideal type of Muslim in response to the incidents of alleged blasphemy. It is the construction of a hegemonic affective response by the postcolonial state that has silenced alternate epistemological assumptions within the Muslim public sphere.

However, Ahmed has a point. The construction of the religious affect around blasphemy in Pakistan is very much the product of the encounter with modernity. Instead, as Butler suggests, it lies 'precisely at the crossroads of com- peting, overlapping, interruptive, and divergent moral frameworks. Limited attention has been paid to the inner functioning of the Muslim public sphere 60, even when dealing with an issue as controversial as the so-called Muslim response to what is called "blasphemy".

The construction of particular religious affects through the Muslim public sphere and the strong contestations within it have been lost.

Scholars have focused too much on how the West constructs Muslims; and not on how Muslims construct them- selves. In the cause of defending Muslims, this literature does the opposite by fetishizing the Muslim self as an almost purely affective self that cannot be grasped by theory.

The trouble is that the Ilam Din story, as this paper has shown, does not leave us with simple conclusions. Killing a Hindu publisher living FORUM under British rule cannot be understood as resistance to subjugation; but the communal politics that British rule engendered in South Asia certainly played a part. Moreover, reviving the story in the late s, in a context where Pakistan no longer had either the British or Hindus to deal with, serves a different purpose.

Ghazi Ilm Deen Shaheed By khola Mateen

It is to construct a new ideal type of Muslim citizen. Ilam Din is presented as his ideal destiny. The irony of M.

Taseer, father of the slain Panjab governor Salmaan Taseer—murdered by his gunman, Mumtaz Qadri, for asking for a repeal of the blasphemy laws—being part of the committee to organise the funeral of Ilam Din captures the complex contestations around what is—and is not—religious affect in Pakistan. This is why it is unlikely that such a historical re-examination of the Ilam Din moment will provide catharsis for anyone.

It is certainly not for the writer. The popular story of Ilam Din is a difficult one to dismantle—and so is the religious affect that its uncomplicated telling continues to produce. Each Ilam Din incarnate will have his own set of complicated ratio- nales. To reduce them to an inaccessible religious affect is to obfuscate a process that can very much be recovered through an analysis of the inner dynamics of the Muslim public sphere and structuring factors, such as colonialism, communalism and imperialism.

Endnotes 1 Asad insists that he is "neither offering an apologia for Muslim reactions for the cartoons nor criticism of those who defend them. Unholy speech and holy laws: blasphemy laws in Pakistan—controversial origins, design defects and free speech implications. Inqilaab, It includes first witness statements that may not be presented to court — but are central to the police investigation.

Zimni Report. Ghazi Ilam Din Shaheed rah. Lahore: Noori Kutb Khana. Ul-Qadri, Mohammad Haseeb. Hazrat Ghazi Ilam Din Shaheed rah. Lahore: Akbar Book Depot. Call No. Nagina, Zafar Iqbal. Ghazi Ilam Din Shaheed. Lahore: Jang Publishers. Under Section I. Trial of Ghazi Ilam Din Shaheed. Film Ghazi Ilam Din Shaheed Director: Haider. Lahore Museum Library. Inqilaab, April — Dec Bibliography Abbas, Saadia. New York: Fordham University Press.

Ahmed, Asad. Censorship in South Asia: cultural regulation from sedition to seduction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp.

Asad, Talal. Free speech, blasphemy and secular criticism. In: Is critique secular? Blasphemy, injury and free speech. New York: Fordham University Press, pp.

Ghazi Ilm ud Din Shaheed by Khaula Mateen

Butler, Judith. The sensibility of critique: response to Asad and Mahmood. In: Judith Butler et al. Is critique secular? The Pakistan national alliance: a study in its formation and political mobilization. Pakistan Vision, 4 1 , pp. Gilmartin, David. Empire and Islam: Punjab and the making of Pakistan. London: I. Minnesota Journal of International Law, 17 2 , pp. Jalal, Ayesha. Self and sovereignty: individual and community in South Asian Islam since Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications.

Jones, Kenneth. Socio-religious reform movements in British India. New Delhi: Foundation Books. Mahmood, Saba. Religious reason and secular affect: an incommensurable divide? Leiden: E. Appendix: Zimni Report "Enquiry was made from the accused but he did not make any useful statement.

He confessed his guilt and stated he had committed the murder. He had, on one or two occasions before, downloadd articles from my shop and so I was acquainted with him.

He came and said that he had come to my shop the day before and that I was not present at my shop. He said that he wanted to download a chhuri.

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