Mahabharata book in hindi pdf


 

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Mahabharata Book In Hindi Pdf

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The history and genealogy of the Bharata and Bhrigu races is recalled, as is the birth and early life of the Kuru princes adi means first. Life at the court, Yudhishthira 's Rajasuya Yajna, the game of dice, the disrobing of Pandava wife Draupadi and eventual exile of the Pandavas. Includes the Bhagavad Gita in chapters 25— This is the major book of the war. Most of the great warriors on both sides are dead by the end of this book. Also told in detail, is the pilgrimage of Balarama to the fords of the river Saraswati and the mace fight between Bhima and Duryodhana which ends the war, since Bhima kills Duryodhana by smashing him on the thighs with a mace. Only 7 warriors remain on the Pandava side and 3 on the Kaurava side. This is the longest book of the Mahabharata. Kisari Mohan Ganguli considers this Parva as a later interpolation. The world conquest by Arjuna. The Anugita is told by Krishna to Arjuna. Vidura predeceases them and Sanjaya on Dhritarashtra's bidding goes to live in the higher Himalayas.

It is just before the beginning of the war that Krishna imparts the Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna and gives him the Vishwaroopa Darshana, a glimpse of the divine.

The war lasts eighteen days, each filled with unremitting bloodshed. The Kaurava army has 11 akshaunis or divisions of soldiers and the Pandavas have 7, making a total of There also happen to be 18 chapters in the epic. The first day belongs to the Kauravas, while the second belongs to the Pandavas. The third day falls to the Kauravas again as Bhishma Vichitravirya's brother , the Kaurava commander and the eldest of the Kuru clan slays many Pandava soldiers.

On day four, Bhima slays eight of the Kauravas. Arjuna's son Iravan is killed on day eight. On day nine, Krishna, who had promised not to take up arms and would stay as Arjuna's charioteer, loses his temper with Bhishma for using powerful divine weapons astras against common soldiers. He takes his sudarshan chakra to slay Bhishma, but Arjuna pacifies him. The Pandavas plot to remove Bhishma from the war since his prowess is wrecking havoc on the Pandava army.

Bhishma is a man of many morals and would never raise a weapon when faced by a woman, so the Pandavas place Shikhandi as a shield in front of Arjuna when he fights Bhishma on the tenth day. Shikhandi was a princess Amba in a previous birth and was abducted by Bhishma along wiht her sisters to marry Vichitravirya. However, Amba had sworn to marry only king Shalya, and so Bhishma returns her to Shalya's kingdom.

Mahabharata Sanskrit Hindi Pandit Ramnarayan Gita Press

However, Shalya loses interest in Amba after her abduction and spurns her. Amba goes weeping to Bhishma and demands that he make up for his rash abducion by marrying her. Bhishma will have nothing of the sort since he has taken a vow of celibacy.

Amba, distraught and broken, takes her life, promising to bring death Bhishma in her next life. On the thirteenth day, Abhimanyu, Arjuna's son is killed unfairly, when he is attacked by many warriors at once, a ploy that is against the rules of conduct in battle.

Both sides begin to drop all codes of conduct from this point and the war turns increasingly ruthless and unscrupulous. On day fourteen, Arjuna takes a vow that he will kill Jayadratha - one of those responsible for Abhimanyu's death - before the sun sets, or take his own life. The Kauravas rally around Jayadratha and prevent Arjuna from coming anywhere near him.

As the day ends, Krishna creates an illusion of sunset by raising a dust storm, deceiving the Kauravas into thinking that they have managed to protect Jayadratha.

However, the sun is still up, and while the Kauravas are busy rejoicing, Arjuna takes Jayadratha's head off. On Day fifteen, Drona decimates the Pandava army, and Yudhisthara, the ever-truthful, is forced to lie to Drona that Ashwathama Drona's son has been killed.

सम्पूर्ण महाभारत | Sampoorna Mahabharat Hindi Book

Drona drops his arms in grief and sits in meditation, and Drishtadyumna Draupadi's brother and son of Drona's sworn enemy Drupada beheads him. Bheeshma lies on a bed of arrows. Dushasana, the second eldest among the Kauravas and the one most involved in trying to disrobe Draupadi, is killed by Bhima.

On day seventeen, Karna is killed by Arjuna. On the final and eighteenth day, Yudhisthara kills Shalya and Shakuni is killed by Sahadeva. Bhima breaks Duryodhana's thighs and leaves him for dead. The war is won by the Pandavas but it is not much of a victory.

Many of their family and friends are dead, in fact none of their sons survive the war. The Pandavas transformed this land into a paradise. Yudhishthir was crowned there, and he performed a sacrifice that involved all of the kings of the land to accept - either voluntarily or by force - his suzerainty.

The new kingdom , Indraprastha, prospered. Meanwhile, the Pandavas had entered into an agreement among themselves regarding Draupadi: she was to be wife of each Pandava, by turn, for a year. If any Pandava was to enter the room where she was present with her husband-of-that-year, that Pandava was to be exiled for 12 years. It so happened that once Draupadi and Yudhishthir, her husband of that year, were present in the armoury when Arjuna entered it to take his bow and arrows.

Consequently, he went off in exile during which he toured the entire country, down to its southernmost tip, and married three princesses he met along the way. The prosperity of Indraprastha and the power of the Pandavas was not something that Duryodhan liked. He invited Yudhisthir to a dice game and got his uncle, Shakuni, to play on his Duryodhan's behalf.

Shakuni was an accomplished player; Yudhishthir staked - and lost - step by step his entire wealth, his kingdom, his brothers, himself, and Draupadi. Draupadi was dragged into the dice hall and insulted. There was an attempt to disrobe her, and Bheem lost his temper and vowed to kill each and every one of the Kauravas.

Things came to such a boil that Dhritarashtra intervened unwillingly, gave the kingdom and their freedom back to the Pandavas and Draupadi, and set them off back to Indraprastha. This angered Duryodhan, who talked his father around, and invited Yudhishthir to another dice game. This time, the condition was that the loser would go on a year exile followed by a year of life incognito.

The dice game was played. Yudhishthir lost again. The second exile For this exile, the Pandavas left their ageing mother Kunti behind at Hastinapur, in Vidur's place. They lived in forests, hunted game, and visited holy spots.

At around this time, Yudhishthir asked Arjuna to go to the heavens in quest of celestial weapons because, by now, it was apparent that their kingdom would not be returned to them peacefully after the exile and that they would have to fight for it. Arjuna did so, and not only did he learn the techniques of several divine weapons from the gods, he also learnt how to sing and dance from the gandharvas. After 12 years, the Pandavas went incognito for a year.

During this one-year period, they lived in the Virat kingdom.

Yudhishthir took up employment as a king's counsellor, Bheem worked in the royal kitchens, Arjuna turned himself into a eunuch and taught the palace maidens how to sing and dance, the twins worked at the royal stables, and Draupadi became a handmaiden to the queen. At the end of the incognito period - during which they were not discovered despite Duryodhan's best efforts - the Pandavas revealed themselves.

The Virat king was overwhelmed; he offered his daughter in marriage to Arjuna but he declined since he had been her dance teacher the past year and students were akin to children.

The princess was married, instead, to Arjuna's son Abhimanyu. At this wedding ceremony, a large number of Pandava allies gathered to draw out a war strategy.

Meanwhile, emissaries had been sent to Hastinapur to demand Indraprastha back but the missions had failed. Krishna himself went on a peace mission and failed. Duryodhan refused to give away as much land as was covered by the point of a needle, let alone the five villages proposed by the peace missions. The Kauravas also gathered their allies around them, and even broke away a key Pandava ally - the maternal uncle of the Pandava twins - by trickery.

War became inevitable. Krishna, the warrior par excellence, had given up arms for this war and had elected to be Arjuna's charioteer. To him Arjuna said, "Take me back, Krishna. I can't kill these people.

Mahabharat

They're my father, my brothers, my teachers, my uncles, my sons. What good is a kingdom that's gained at the cost of their lives? Krishna explained the impermanence of life to Arjuna, and the importance of doing one's duty and of sticking to the right path.

Arjuna picked up his bow again. Do not let an expected result dictate your actions; do not sit idle either. Casualties on both sides were high. When it all ended, the Pandavas had won the war but lost almost everyone they held dear. Duryodhan and all of the Kauravas had died, as had all of the menfolk of Draupadi's family, including all of her sons by the Pandavas.

The now-dead Karna was revealed to be a son of Kunti's from before her marriage to Pandu, and thus, the eldest Pandava and the rightful heir to the throne. The grand old man, Bheeshm, lay dying; their teacher Drona was dead as were several kinsfolk related to them either by blood or by marriage. In about 18 days, the entire country lost almost three generations of its men. It was a war not seen on a scale before, it was the Great Indian war, the Maha-bharat.

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