The first edition of this rare treatise on Sixty-three Nayanar Saints from the prolific pen of . Stories in which there is seeming use of violence by the Nayanars. The Nayanars were a group of 63 saints (also saint poets) in the 6th to 8th century who were devoted to the Hindu god Shiva in Tamil Nadu. They, along with the. Thiru-Nilakantha Yalpannar · Sadaiyar · Isai-jnani Ammaiyar · These nayanars do not belong to any one community; they hail from various communities—high and low, rich To peruse their stories is to inhale the air of sanctity and blessedness. (PDF - KB | English | Copyright © The Divine Life Society).
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SIXTY-THREE NAYANAR SAINTS The stories of 63 great Siva Bhaktas ( Nayanars) of South in Telugu. by. Sri M V Subba Rao Index. 1. Sundaramurthi Nayanar. If it serves to remind people, who read periya purANam or knew about the 63 Please note that this is not a translation so only the theme will be same as in. 63 Nayanmar - The Nayanars were from various backgrounds, including Puranam in which he expands further on the stories of each of 63 Nayanars. The app is currently available in English and it was last updated on . Backup Software · PDF Printer · Free PDF converter · Free Backup.
Tinna noticed that one of the eyes of the Shiva linga was oozing blood and tears. Sensing that Lord Sri Bhalanetra 's eye had been injured, Dheera proceeded to pluck his one eye out with one of his arrows and placed it in the spot of the bleeding eye of the Shiva linga. This stopped the bleeding in that eye of the linga. But to complicate matters further, he noticed that the other eye of the linga has also started oozing blood. So Tinna thought that if he were to pluck his other eye too, he would become blind to exactly know the spot where he has to place his own second eye over the bleeding second eye of the lingam.
So he placed his great toe on the linga to mark the spot of the bleeding second eye and proceeded to pluck out his other and only eye. Moved by his extreme devotion, Lord Sri Priyabhakta appeared before Dinna and restored both his eyes. The same happened and the temple became richer by 12 more acres.
At Avinashi temple, Sundarar rendered his pathigam and resurrected an eight-year-old boy who had died three years ago, after being swallowed by a crocodile.
In one of his pathigams, he refers to himself as the servant of these Nayanmars. These were the incarnation of the two attendants of Goddess Parvathy whom Alala Sundaram had fallen in love with.
In both the places, it is believed that Lord Shiva had played a major role in arranging his marriage to these two women. Sundarar is believed to have visited 84 temples and rendered around pathigams hymns. However, only hymns verses are available today. It is significant to note that he travelled to all these temples by foot, covering at least a few thousand kilometres. Both Sundarar and his contemporary King Cheraman Perumal embarked on various pilgrimages together. However, when Sundarar reached Thiruvanchikulam, he became tired of life and requested Lord Shiva to take him up to his abode.
It is said that Lord Shiva instructed the celestial gods to bring him to Mount Kailash on a white elephant. Taken aback he wondered who would have hurt his lord such, he tried to wipe the blood away to no avail. The bleeding stopped, but then the other eye started bleeding. The celestials rained flowers on them to the loud chanting of the Vedic Hymns. The Lord then bade Kannappa to come to his heavenly abode and stay on his right side forever.
Kunkuliya Kalaya Nayanar In the famous town of Kadavoor in the country of the Cholas, made fertile by the bountiful Cauvery lived a great brahmin devotee of Lord Shiva called Kalaya.
As time passed his heart melted more and more for the Lord. And so did his wealth which was spent on the fragrant incense in plenty for the Lord.
Once when the pain of hunger could not be borne anymore his wife took off her Mangalsutra, the holy symbol of matrimony, and gave it to him to sell and sustain themselves. On his way he met a seller of incense of the highest quality suitable for the Lord and invested the gold in exchange. Taking the large bundle of incense he went to the temple, kept it in the store room, and lighting up some started his prayer. The Lord was touched and he bade Kubera, the god of wealth, to stock the devotees house with everything required for a bountiful life.
He then appeared in the dream of the resting wife and in the divine vision of the praying Kalaya appraising them. Seeing the profusion of wealth all around as he reached home Kunkuliya Kalaya Nayanar rededicated himself to the service of the Lord and his devotees in greater force. The Idol of Lord Shiva at the nearby Thirupananthal temple had leaned over to one side to satisfy the wish of a little girl who wanted to see and worship him heartily.
This was attempted to be set right by the local King with his men and elephant to no avail. Kunkuliya Kalaya Nayanar heard of this and wanted to see the Lord in this state. Once when the great saivite saints Thirugnanasambandar and Thirunavukkarasar were coming to Kadavoor, Kunkuliya Kalaya Nayanar was in ecstasy and took the opportunity to take them to his humble abode and serve them with a grand feast.
Maanakanjhaara Nayanar Maanakanjaarar was born in a noble family of hereditary commanders of the local king in the beautiful town of Kanjaroor.
He immersed himself in the service of Lord Shiva and his devotees. He derived great pleasure in spending his growing wealth in understanding and satisfying the needs of devotees even without them asking. He only longed for a child and soon, with the blessings of the Lord, he had a beautiful girl child.
When the girl reached the age of matrimony, a deserving and suitable groom was identified and arrangements for the wedding were finalized with the hearty agreement of both sides. On the day of the wedding, to the delight of Maanakanjaarar, a hermit came up to him. The hermit noticed the thick, black and long hair of the maiden and mentioned that it would be ideal for making his sacred thread. Without a thought or reaction whatsoever, Maanakanjaarar took his sword sheared the girls hair and offered it to the hermit.
The Hermit disappeared and in his place Maanakanjaarar saw the Lord with his consort seated on the bull, pleased with the unquestioning devotion of Maanakanjaarar. The wedding took place grandly and the couple lived happily ever after. Aruvaal Taaya Nayanar In the fertile town of Kannamangalam watered by the bountiful Cauvery lived a wealthy agricultural chief called Taayanar.
His daily offering to the Lord of Kailash was the finest quality of cooked red rice, mixed with curd and served with greens along with tender mango pickle Sekkizhar mentions here that the taste of this can only be appreciated by people used to this simple and wonderful meal! He did not miss a single day in providing this offering to the Lord and soon whatever wealth he had, eroded and Taayanar and his wife were reduced to subsisting on the coarse grain gathered up from the fields.
But his offering to the Lord did not change or reduce in quality as they had taken up jobs as agricultural workers just for this. One day as he carried the basket of offering on his head to the temple, his wife slipped and made him drop the basket, spilling all the food into a large crack in the ground.
Aghast and sad he took his sickle and proceeded to cut his throat. The hand of the Lord stopped him there and he heard a loud crunch of teeth on the tender mango pickle coming out of the crack.
Taayanar, in devout ecstasy, broke out into a hymn of praise to the Lord and he appeared with his consort on the bull mount, blessed the couple and provided them permanent place in his holy abode.
Aanaya Nayanar In the village of Mangalam in the Chera country there lived a noble man named Aanayar, who loved to smear the holy ash of the Lord on his forehead and body. He was devoted to him in thought, word and deed. He had a large group of herdsmen with him to tender to the vast herds of cattle under his supervision. In his happy, contended and quiet life he longed to play the flute to hymn the sweet melody towards his Lords feet.
He made a flute from bamboo to perfection as prescribed in Shastras and played the Panchakshara in the seven notes charming all life, moving and stationary, casting an enchanting spell on them day by day. Inspired, one day he decked himself up with fragrant flowers, ornaments, holy ash and taking his flute went to the shade of a Kondrai tree.
The sweet music that flowed was like divine nectar and all life came to a standstill in its spell — animals, birds, natural forces and celestials alike. The lord himself seated on the bull mount with his consort came out to listen and bade Aanaya Nayanar to come with him, as he was, to the golden hall at Chidambaram.
Aanaya Nayanar willing went after him. Moorthi Nayanar In the Pandya capital of Madurai, the home of the Tamizh Sangam, lived Moorthiyar whose devotion to the Lord was expressed in the form of the Sandal Paste he prepared with affection to be smeared the Shiva Lingam every day.
Alas, one day the Pandya King was overthrown by a ruler of an adjoining state who was a fanatic of Jainism and wanted to put an end to all Saivite practices. Moorthiyar in spite of being directly affected continued his sandal service to the lord.
But one day he found all the shops selling the ingredients closed.
In his frustration and desperation he started grinding his elbow on a stone wearing away skin, flesh, bone and marrow. The ruling king passed away the same night and since he had not appointed a heir, the courtiers blindfolded the royal elephant and set it out to identify the next King, as was the custom. The elephant selected Moorthiyar as he was coming out of the temple and taking him up on its back went to the royal palace where he was crowned king. Muruga Nayanar In the ancient city of Poompuhar, glorified by Silappadikaram, lived Muruganaar, a descendant of an ancient clan of Brahmins.
He would be up each day at the crack of dawn and after a ritual bath in the cool waters of the Cauvery, delicately gather flowers of all types and hues to be made into wreaths and garlands for the Lord.
These, he would offer as appropriate for the time and ritual of the day and sing the Panchakshara in his sweet voice to the delight of the Lord.
He had the great fortune of the friendship of Thirugnanasambandar and was blessed enough to enter the sacred fire at his marriage along with the great saint and his kins to attain the feet of the Lord forever.
Rudra Pasupathi Nayanar The righteous Pasupatiyaar hailed from a noble family dedicated to vedic learning in Thiruthalaiyur. He would get up before the light of the every day, immerse himself in the cool pool of water and chant the Rudram, in faultless accents, in praise of the Lord everyday.
He would repeat this at noon and night too without fail. The Lord greatly delighted at this faultless chant of Mantras decided to raise him up to him. He showered his grace on Rudra Pasupathi Nayanar who then reached his abode forever close to the dancing feet of the Lord. Thirunalai Povar Nayanar Nandanar, as he was called, was low caste ardent devotee of Lord Shiva who lived in Aadhanur on the banks of the River Kollidam.
He supplied skins for drums, the strings to tighten them, strings for Veena and other musical instruments which were used to perform for the Lord in all the temples around. As he was allowed to enter the temples he used to stand at the gateway and listen to the music and chanting, reveling in the sweet sound.
Once he visited the Shiva temple at Thirupungoor and stood outside, his view of the lord blocked, as usual, by the Nandi. Miraculously, on the command of the lord, the Nandi moved aside and remains in that position to this day. On his way out he noticed a hollow which he created into a temple tank. His desire to see the lord at Chidambaram overtook him and became an obsession.
He reached there walking happily and roamed around the huge temple walls as his low caste did not permit him to enter. The Lord came in the dreams of both Nandanar and the high servitors Dikshitars of the temple and appraised them about his devotee who will enter into a fire test inside the temple.
Upon this command, Nandanar entered the temple gates where the Dikshitars were waiting to take him in. The holy fire was alight and Nandanar with the name of the Lord on his lips entered the fire to come out with a glow like a hallowed sage with a sacred thread and matted tresses to the amazement of all present.
Heaven rained flowers to the beating of celestial drums and then he was ceremoniously taken to the chamber of the Lord where he merged with him and disappeared. Thirukurippu Thonda Nayanar In the holy temple city of Kancheepuram there lived a Washerman who had surrendered his mind, word and act to the feet of Lord Shiva. He could easily divine out the hearts of the Lords devotees and he was hence called Thirukurippu Thondar. Thondar went to him and offered to wash his cloth, to which the old man replied that he had only one and as the cold would be unbearable in the night, to return it the same day after washing.
This, he agreed and happily went to the river to wash clothes when it started raining incessantly and the dry cloth could not be delivered. He proceeded to break his head against the rock in the river when the holy hand of the Lord stopped him.
The rain changed to flowers from heaven and the Lord with his consort on the bull mount appeared to take him to his holy abode. Chandesura Nayanar In the town of Seyngalur, established by Lord Muruga himself, was borne Vichaara Sarman to Ecchadattan as a result of devoted austerities performed by his wife Pavithrai for a good progeny. When he was seven he was instituted with the sacred thread. At that tender age he amazed everyone with his learning without even being taught.
One day he came across a cowherd ill treating a cow and stepped in to take over his job then and there. Under his care the cows flourished as he lovingly took them to places where the best grass grew, to the clearest of pools, to shady groves for resting and made them walk through good paths.
The cows started yielding very good milk in copious quantities and even shedding milk from the udders on their own. This milk, Vichaara Sarman would take to perform ablution to the lord and still the cows satisfied the needs of the owners greatly. All were happy until one day when someone noticed what they considered wastage as the boy poured milk over the Shiva Lingam.
This was brought to the notice of the father who apologized to the owners and hid in a tree on the banks of the river to catch the boy in the act. In due time Vichaara Sarman came and made a Lingam out of sand and started pouring the milk over it.
The angry father came down, mercilessly beat up and cursed the boy, none of which seemed to affect him. The father then kicked down the pot of milk.
With this he struck down the feet of his father who now lay helplessly on the ground and continued his prayer.
Thus you see Chandesura Nayanar, Chandikeswara, facing the lord from the north of the sanctum sanctorum in all Shiva Temples. Thirunavukku Arasar Marulneekkiyar was born in the fertile lands at Thiruvamoor watered by the River Pennai.
He had a elder sister, Thilakavatiyaar. Her marriage was fixed when she was 12 to a deserving groom, when battle broke out and he had to leave for the war front. In the meantime the siblings lost their parents and the groom was also killed in the battle field. Thilakavatiyaar decided to follow him to the heavenly abode when Marulneekkiyar fell at her feet to be with him and take him through.
She relented and focused on bringing him up. Marulneekkiyar was drawn towards Jainism much to the consternation of his sister and gradually became their leader with his intelligence and knowledge. Thilakavatiyaar pursued Saivism and departed to the temple of Thiruvathihai and lived there cleaning the temple premises and serving the Lord. As she regretted the path of her younger brother, the Lord appeared in her dream one night and assured her that he will be back soon. The play of the Lord started in the form of a fierce Colic that affected Marulneekkiyar which no one could cure.
He remembered his sister now and escaping the Jains he made his way to where she was with great struggle and fell at her feet. She made him raise and gave him the Holy Ash which he smeared all over his body and at the crack of dawn entered the temple along with other devotees. He at once felt that succor was at hand.
Tears started streaming from his eyes and he fell on the ground and started rolling, regretting his past detour.
The Lords voice he heard pronouncing him as Naavukku Arasar the king of words for the Hymns that poured out of him. The news of his disappearance and embrace of Saivism reached the Jains and they made several attempts to get him back and finally resorted to attempting to kill him by locking him up in a Lime Kiln and then letting loose a mad Tusker at him. Once when they, with the help of the local Pallava King, tied him to a stone and dumped him in the ocean the stone floated and brought him back to shore.
The King at once realized his folly and fell at his feet and repaired all damage done to the Saivite faith till then. Thirunavukku Arasar set out on a pilgrimage to Shiva Temples singing his glorious hymns to the Lord and clearing the temple premises with his Hoe at each place.
He met the young Thirugnanasambandar of Sirkazhi, who lovingly called him Appar the father , and both became friends out of great respect to each other. They visited many temples together, singing the praise of the Lord. Thirunavukku Arasar performed many other miracles including bringing back to life the snake bitten son of a staunch follower. The two together sang to open and close the door of the Shiva temple at Vedaranyam. He was drawn to seeing the Lord at Mount Kailash and started his pilgrimage to the Himalayas, visiting many holy places along the way.
The ordeal of climbing and walking had shorn away the skin of his feet. He went on to visit temples in the Madurai region and finally reached Thirupuhalur where he attained the Holy Feet of the Lord. Kulachirayaar Kulachirayaar was a chief in the land of the Pandyas in a place called Manamerkudi. He was hailed by Saint Sundarar as Peru Nambi. He was steadfast in the faith towards Lord Shiva and would fall at the feet of any devotee and serve him.
The Pandya ruler Nedumaaran, made him his Chief Minister and he enjoyed the trust of his Queen Mangayarkarasi too with his loyalty. He was instrumental in influencing Thirugnanasambandar to visit the Pandya Kingdom and subdue the Jains. Kurumba Nayanar Kurumba Nayanar was the chief of the Kurumba tribe in the ancient town of Perumizhalai. He would anticipate the Lords devotees and serve their unspoken needs. He ever cherished the golden feet of the Lord.
He heard about Saint Sundarar who had written the glory of all the Nayanars at that time and meditated upon him and the Lord acquiring magical powers. Karaikal Ammayar Karaikal Ammayar was borne as Punithavati to the chief of a group of righteous merchants in the flourishing seaport of Karaikal. She grew up always with the names of the Lord in her lips, matured beautiful and soon attained the age of marriage.
She was married to Paramadatta, son of a rich and famous merchant of Nagapattinam. One day some visitors presented two ripe mangoes to Paramadatta which he gave to Punithavati to be had with lunch.
Before the ordained time for lunch a devotee of Lord Shiva entered the house in a hungry state and Punithavati set about feeding him with rice alone as the other preparations were not yet ready. Suddenly she remembered the mangoes and taking one cut it and served with the plain rice.
The devotee left satisfied. When Paramadatta came for lunch he asked for the two mangoes and Punithavati produced the one left. To persistent questions from him about the other one she closed her eyes and meditated on the Lord and a Mango appeared on her outstretched hand.
So delicious it was that Paramadatta could easily differentiate between the two and insisted she tell the truth. Upon hearing the miracle he tested her further by asking her to produce one more of equal taste. Lo, the miracle happened again! Disturbed and convinced that his wife is a celestial angel he left Karaikal on the pretext of trade, deciding never to come back. After amassing great wealth he returned to a city in the Pandya Kingdom, married another lady and had a girl child whom he decided to name as Punithavati, out of great respect and adoration to his first wife.
This news of his return was soon taken to Punithavati who set out to meet him. Punithavati realizing the waste of her beautiful form henceforth, prayed to the Lord to take it away and she was transformed to an ugly skeletal form. With this she, Karaikal Ammayar, traveled all the way to Mount Kailash which she refused to tread with her feet and climbed on her hands. The Lord pleased asked her what boon she wanted. The Lord bade her to go to Thiruvaalangadu to witness and revel in his dance.
She entered the town again on her hands and sang several hymns till finally resting there as her heart had desired.
Upon enquiring he came to know the greatnes of a brahmin called Appoodhi who was a great devotee of Thirunavukkarasar and had given his name to everything around him, living and otherwise. Eager to meet this man Thirunavukkarasar went to his house nearby and was invited lovingly by Apoodhi. Thirunavukkarasar revealed his true idently to the unbeleivable and immense joy of Appoodhi Adigal who went about calling every one around and set about preparing a fitting meal.
As he cut the leaf he was bitten by a venomous snake and rushed in, without telling anyone and gave the banana leaf to his parents. Not able to stand after that, crumpled up and fell dead. Thirunavukkarasar upon asking for the eldest son to come forward to receive his blessing, sensed something was amiss with his divine vision and was told the truth reluctantly by the father.