Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was an Indian politician and aerospace scientist who Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March . The luminous sparks: a biography in verse and colours. .. Indian English from June · All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English · Articles with hAudio microformats. Apj abdul kalam biography in english pdf. Video embedded · A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is an Indian scientist and politician who served his country as president from. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, born on 15th October, in a small village in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, rose to become the.
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A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the 11th President of India, is also popularly known as the Missile Man. Check out this biography to know about his. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born to Jainulabdeen Marakayar and .. 'The Luminous Sparks: A biography in verse and colours' by APJ Abdul. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (15 Oct, - 27 July, ): India's 11th President, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam has been often referred to as the 'Missile Man of India' and.
I want to thank them for the trust they have in me. While climbing a flight of stairs, he experienced some discomfort, but was able to enter the auditorium after a brief rest.
IST , only five minutes into his lecture, he collapsed. Are you doing well? His body was received at the airport by the three service chiefs and national and state dignitaries, including cabinet ministers Manohar Parrikar , Venkaiah Naidu , Pon Radhakrishnan and the governors of Tamil Nadu and Meghalaya, K Rosaiah and V.
After a brief ceremony, Kalam's body was flown by air force helicopter to the town of Mandapam , from where it was taken in an army truck to his hometown of Rameswaram. Upon arriving at Rameswaram, his body was displayed in an open area in front of the local bus station to allow the public to pay their final respects until 8 p.
Over , people attended the last rites, including the Prime Minister, the governor of Tamil Nadu and the chief ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. He took India to great heights.
He showed the way. I worked very closely with Dr. Kalam as prime minister and I greatly benefited from his advice as president of our country. His life and work will be remembered for generations to come. Kiran Kumar called his former colleague "a great personality and a gentleman", while former chairman G. Madhavan Nair described Kalam as "a global leader" for whom "the downtrodden and poor people were his priority.
He always had a passion to convey what is in his mind to the young generation", adding that his death left a vacuum which none could fill. The Bhutanese government ordered the country's flags to fly at half-staff to mourn Kalam's death, and lit butter lamps in homage.
Bhutanese Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay expressed deep sadness, saying Kalam "was a leader greatly admired by all people, especially the youth of India who have referred to him as the people's President". Bangladesh Nationalist Party chief Khaleda Zia said "as a nuclear scientist, he engaged himself in the welfare of the people".
Ashraf Ghani , the President of Afghanistan , called Kalam "an inspirational figure to millions of people," noting that "we have a lot to learn from his life". Nepalese Prime Minister Sushil Koirala recalled Kalam's scientific contributions to India: "Nepal has lost a good friend and I have lost an honoured and ideal personality. Kalam was a man of firm conviction and indomitable spirit, and I saw him as an outstanding statesman of the world.
His death is an irreparable loss not only to India but to the entire world. Former president Maumoon Abdul Gayoom , who had made an official visit to India during Kalam's presidency, termed his demise as a great loss to all of humankind. As a committed educator, he inspired millions of young people to achieve their very best. And as a devoted leader, he gained support both at home and abroad, becoming known as 'the people's President'. I join our Indo—Canadian families, friends, and neighbours in mourning the passing of this respected leader.
APJ Abdul Kalam", and highlighted his achievements as a scientist and as a statesman, notably his role in strengthening US—India relations and increasing space co-operation between the two nations. Kalam's humility and dedication to public service served as an inspiration to millions of Indians and admirers around the world. He remarked on Kalam's outstanding "personal contribution to the social, economic, scientific, and technical progress of India and in ensuring its national security," adding that Kalam would be remembered as a "consistent exponent of closer friendly relations between our nations, who has done a lot for cementing mutually beneficial Russian—Indian cooperation.
The UN joins the people of India in sending our deepest condolences for this great statesman.
May he rest in peace and eternity", Ban wrote in his message. Acrylic paintings about his life are also displayed along with hundreds of portraits depicting the life of the mass leader. There is a statue of Kalam in the entrance showing him playing the Veena.
There are two other smaller statues of the leader in sitting and standing posture.
As Kalam recalled: "Every evening, my father A. Jainulabdeen, an imam, Pakshi Lakshmana Sastry, the head priest of the Ramanathaswamy Hindu temple, and a church priest used to sit with hot tea and discuss the issues concerning the island. Advani concurred that Kalam was "the best exemplar of the Idea of India, one who embodied the best of all the cultural and spiritual traditions that signify India's unity in immense diversity.
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Abdul Kalam. His father Jainulabudeen was a boat owner while his mother Ashiamma was a housewife. Kalam had four elder siblings.
Even though his ancestors had been wealthy traders, the family had lost most of its fortunes by the s and was poverty-stricken by the time Kalam was born. Even though the family was not financially well-off, the children were raised in an atmosphere filled with love. In one of the books which Kalam wrote decades later, he fondly remembered how his mother would lovingly feed her own quota of food to the children and go hungry herself.
He was a good student and always curious to learn more about how things happened. When he was ten years old, one of his teachers, Siva Subramania Iyer, took the students to the seashore and asked them to observe the birds in flight.
After completing his studies at Schwartz Higher Secondary School, he enrolled at Saint Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, graduating in science in Pursuing his childhood dream, he travelled to Madras to study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology. During his third year, he was assigned a project to design a low-level attack aircraft together with a few other students.
The project was a difficult one and on top of it, their guide gave them a very tight deadline. The young men toiled together, working under immense pressure, and finally managed to achieve the target within the stipulated deadline. At this juncture, Kalam aspired to become a fighter pilot. However he could not realize this dream. Male Leaders. Indian Leaders. Male Scientists.
Libra Scientists. He also designed a small hovercraft at DRDO. Inspired by this visit, he began working on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in Kalam also directed several other projects, including Project Devil, in the s. Project Devil was an early liquid-fueled missile project aimed at producing a short-range surface-to-air missile. The project was not a success in the long-term and was discontinued in the s.
However it led to the later development of the Prithvi missile in the s. He was also involved with the Project Valiant which aimed at the development of intercontinental ballistic missile. Similar to Project Devil, this project too was not a success in itself but played a role in the development of the Prithvi missile later on. The programme, which received tremendous political support, aimed at the concurrent development of four projects: Short range surface-to-surface missile code-named Prithvi , Short range low-level surface-to-air missile code-named Trishul , Medium range surface-to-air missile code-named Akash and Third-generation anti-tank missile code-named Nag.
The IGMDP, under the able leadership of Kalam proved to be a resounding success and produced a number of successful missiles including the first Prithvi missile in , and the Agni missile in In , he was appointed as the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India with the rank of cabinet minister. In the late s, he played a major role in conducting the Pokhran-II, a series of five nuclear bomb test explosions at the Indian Army's Pokhran Test Range in May Following the success of these tests which elevated Kalam to the status of a national hero, the then-Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India a full-fledged nuclear state.
In addition to being a brilliant scientist, A. Abdul Kalam was also a visionary. In , he proposed a countrywide plan called Technology Vision to serve as an action plan to make India a developed nation by the year He put forward several suggestions, including nuclear empowerment, technological innovations, and improved agricultural productivity to achieve the same.
Kalam, being a popular national figure, easily won the presidential election. Indian Presidents. Indian Scientists. Libra Men. Tenure As President of India.
Abdul Kalam assumed office as the 11th President of India on 25 July , becoming the first scientist and the first bachelor to occupy Rashtrapati Bhawan.
Over the course of his five-year term, he remained committed to his vision of transforming India into a developed nation and thus spent a lot of time conducting one-on-one meetings with young people to inspire them to achieve their best.
Out of the 21 mercy petitions submitted to him, he acted on only one plea in his five-year tenure. In , he decided not to contest the Presidential election again and stepped down as the President on 25 July J Abdul Kalam ventured into the academic field after leaving office. Interacting with bright young minds was what he loved the most and he devoted the later years of his career to this passion.
The post presidency years also saw him teaching information technology at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, and technology at Banaras Hindu University and Anna University. He received the same in the years , and , respectively. K in The California Institute of Technology, U. Kalam was the proud recipient of honorary doctorates from 40 universities.
Abdul Kalam was the youngest child in a close knit family.
He was very close to his parents, especially his mother, and had loving relationships with all of his four elder siblings. He never married.