The idea for writing a quantity surveyor's pocket book came to me while read- ing The Dangerous Book for Boys by Hal Iggulden. For those who are unfamiliar. This second edition of the Quantity Surveyor's Pocket Book is fully updated in line with NRM1, NRM2 and JCT(11), and remains a must-have guide for students. quantity surveyors pocket book. IdentifierQuantitySurveyorsPocketBook. Identifier -arkark://t9n34v31w. OcrABBYY FineReader
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in a high school English class, for example, could work with the book over If you come across such a word Pocket Book of Integrals and Mathematical. The third edition of the Quantity Surveyor's Pocket Book has been updated in line with NRM1, NRM2 and NRM3, and remains a must-have guide for students. The Quantity Surveyor's Pocket Book outlines all the practical skills, contractual and management techniques needed by a student studying.
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Toggle navigation Additional Book Information. Description Table of Contents Author s Bio. Key features and updates included in this new edition: Table of Contents Preface 1. The Quantity Surveyor and the Construction Industry 2. Forecasting cost and value 3. Measurement and quantification 4. Procurement 5.
Pricing and tendering 6. Contract procedure 7. Final account Useful links and contacts Further reading. Author s Bio Duncan Cartlidge , FRICS, is a chartered surveyor and construction procurement consultant with extensive experience in the delivery and management of built assets, as well as providing education and training to a wide range of built environment professionals. Each of the above organisations has developed over time to regulate and further the aims of its members.
Corporate membership is generally either at member or fellow grade and members must pay substantial annual fees in order to use designatory letters after their names. The quantity surveyor Prior to the Napoleonic Wars, Britain, in common with its continental neighbours, had a construction industry based on separate trades.
The system works like this: instead of the multi-traded main contractor that operates in the UK, each trade is tendered for, and subsequently engaged separately under, the coordination of a project manager.
The Napoleonic Wars, however, brought change and nowhere more so than in Britain — the only large European state that Napoleon failed to invade or occupy. The government of the day was obliged to construct barracks to house the huge garrisons of soldiers who were then being transported across the English Channel. As the need for the army barracks was so urgent and the time to prepare drawings, specifications, etc.
This meant that constructors were given the opportunity and encouragement to innovate and to problem solve — something that was progressively withdrawn from them in the years that followed.
When peace was made the Office of Works and Public Buildings, which had been increasingly concerned with the high cost of measurement and fair value procurement — in particular, in the construction of Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle — decided that enough was enough. In separate trades contracting was discontinued for public works in England in favour of contracting in gross.
The following years saw contracting in gross general contracting rise to dominate, and with this development the role of the builder as an innovator, problem-solver and design team member was stifled to the point where contractors operating in the UK system were reduced to simple executors of the works and instructions although in Scotland the separate trades system survived until the early s.
Then in architects decided that they wished to divorce themselves from surveyors and establish the Royal Institute of British Architects RIBA , exclusively for architects.
The events of were also responsible for the birth of another UK phenomenon, the quantity surveyor. Some within the industry had serious concerns about procurement routes and documentation, the forms of contract in use leading to excess costs, suboptimal building quality and time delays, and the adversarial and conflict-ridden relationships between the various parties.
A series of government-sponsored reports Simon, ; Emmerson, ; Banwell, attempted to stimulate debate about construction industry practice, but with little effect. It was not just the UK construction industry that was obsessed with navel-gazing during the last quarter of the twentieth century; quantity surveyors had also been busy penning numerous reports into the future prospects for their profession, all produced either directly by, or on behalf of, The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.
The report paints a picture of a world where the quantity surveyor was primarily a producer of bills of quantities; indeed, the report comes to the conclusion that the distinct competence of the quantity surveyor of the s was measurement — a view, it should be added, still shared by many today.
In addition, competitive single stage tendering was the norm, as was the practice of receiving most work via the patronage of an architect. It was a profession where design and construct projects were rare, and quantity surveyors were discouraged from forming multidisciplinary practices and encouraged to adhere to the scale of fees charges. A mere 25 years after the original report, the report was drafted in a business climate driven by information technology, where quantities generation is a low-cost activity and the client base is demanding that surveyors demonstrate added value.
In particular, medium-sized quantity surveying firms i.
Interestingly, The Challenge for Change report also predicts that the distinction between contracting and professional service organisations will blur — a quantum leap from the s, when chartered surveyors were forced to resign from their institution if they worked for contracting organisations!
The trend for mergers and acquisitions continues, although it has to be said not without its problems, with the largest quantity surveying firms developing into providers of broad business solutions.
The profession A quantity surveyor may choose to work in any number of different fields. Private practice. The conventional model for quantity surveying firms in private practice is to trade as a sole practitioner or as a partnership. A surveyor who is a partner in a partnership is jointly and severally liable for all debts and liabilities of the partnership and liable to the full extent of their personal wealth for the debts of the business.
However, he or she may still be personally liable for his or her own negligence. Commercial management. Commercial management is generally meant to be managing the contractual and commercial aspects of projects for the supply side of the industry.
Training and education Until the s the principal route to becoming a quantity surveyor was to follow a course on either a full or part-time basis some of these courses were really tests of attrition, which involved attending evening classes for three hours a night, four nights a week for several years, and finally sitting the examinations for either the RICS or the Institute of Quantity Surveyors IQS. However, during the s the first Council for National Academic Awards CNAA degree and diploma courses in surveying were offered at universities and other institutions of higher education.
It is structured to provide a number of pathways to cover nineteen different areas of practice. Approximately half of all entrants to the surveying profession come via this route. Corporate membership is at two levels; members and fellows.
In RICS raised the standards for its fellowship award to reflect career achievements. Normally only MRICS members with a minimum of five years service who are major achievers will now be considered. These courses are typically 2—3 years in duration and have been developed to attract candidates who already have a first degree in a related cognate or unrelated non-cognate subject area.
Tech RICS. Continuing professional development and lifelong learning Since continuing professional development CPD has been mandatory for all corporate members and is a process by which practicing surveyors can keep pace with the latest professional standards and practices whilst monitoring current levels of knowledge.
Thus, in the UK it is possible for a private practice to supply both quantity surveying and project management services for the same project and client.
Project managers may be drawn from all building professionals with the appropriate training and expertise. For the client, the main advantage of using a project manager is the establishment of a single point of contact.
The client simply communicates with the project manager instead of having to decide which of the design team may have an answer to a particular query. Training and qualifications for project managers are generally at post graduate level, typically MSc. This has changed to some extent with quantity surveyors and other members of the design team winning work in their own right. Architects can also act as contract administrators, although increasingly this role is being taken over by others.
Unlike the rest of Europe most architects work within private practice, with a few working for contractors or developer. The UK is home to some of the largest firms of commercial architects in the world. The work of architects influences every aspect of our built environment, from the design of energy efficient buildings to the integration of new buildings in sensitive contexts.
Architects work closely with other members of the construction industry including engineers, builders, surveyors, local authority planners and building control officers. Key to building surveying is an in-depth knowledge of building pathology, and building surveyors can frequently be found working on historic and conservation projects.
For smaller new build contracts, building surveyors can also take on the design role and contract administration. Structural engineer A structural engineer is involved in the design and supervision of the construction of all kinds of structures such as houses, theatres, sports stadia, hospitals, bridges, oil rigs, space satellites and office blocks.
To the chartered structural engineer, the considerations of strength, shape and function are paramount in their conception of the framework of a structure.
Having chosen appropriate materials such as steel, brick, concrete or timber, The quantity surveyor and the construction industry 15 they then need to design the structure and make all the necessary checks and calculations to ensure that the foundations will be sound, that the floors and roof will not fall down, and that the construction as a whole will remain safe and serviceable for the length of its intended lifetime.
The specialist skills of a structural engineer will include: calculating loads and stresses; investigating the strength of foundations; and analysing the behaviour of beams and columns in steel, concrete or other materials. This procedure should ensure that the structure has the strength required to perform its function safely, economically and with a shape and appearance that is visually satisfying.
Civil engineer Civil engineers are involved with the design, development and construction in a huge range of projects in the built and natural environment. Their role is central to ensuring the safe, timely and well-resourced completion of infrastructure projects in many areas, including: highways construction, waste management, coastal development and geotechnical engineering.
Consulting civil engineers liaise with clients to plan, manage, design and supervise the construction of projects. They work in a number of different settings and, with experience, can run projects as project managers. Within civil engineering, consulting engineers are the designers; contracting engineers turn their plans into reality. Consulting civil engineers provide a wide range of services to clients.
During the early stages of a career, work will involve taking responsibility for minor projects; although the size of the projects may increase as experience is gained.