Wilson is a sophisticated and marvelously humane writer. His vision is a liberating one, and a reader of this splendid book comes away with a sense of the. First published: April usaascvb.info Cited by: About. Figures; Related; Information. ePDF PDF. PDF · ePDF PDF. Wilson, E.O. (). On Human. Nature. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard. University Press, pp. , Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7.
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Edward Osborne "E. O." Wilson (born June 10, ) . "The evolutionary epic," Wilson wrote in his book On Human Nature, "is probably the best myth we will .. (usaascvb.info). On Human Nature Edward Wilson PDF - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. On-human-nature-edward-wilson-pdf. uninformed human observer, but again if we were to concentrate all we know . predicted, given a sufficient knowledge of human nature, the histories of the.
At age 13, Wilson discovered a colony of non-native fire ants near the docks in Mobile, Alabama and reported his finding to the authorities. By the time he entered the University of Alabama, the fire ant, a potential threat to agriculture, was spreading beyond Mobile, and the State of Alabama requested that Wilson carry out a survey of the ant's progress.
The resulting study, completed in , was his first scientific publication. Wilson received his master's degree at the University of Alabama in , and after studying briefly at the University of Tennessee, transferred to Harvard for doctoral studies.
Wilson was made a Junior Fellow of Harvard's Society of Fellows, an appointment that enabled him to pursue field research overseas. He embarked on a number of expeditions in the tropics, exhaustively collecting the ant species of Cuba and Mexico before moving on to the South Pacific. In , he received his Ph. The following year, he joined the Harvard faculty, a relationship that was to last his entire career. In the first of many contributions to our understanding of species evolution, Wilson tracked the evolution of the hierarchical caste system among ants.
Comparing his observations of the ants of the South Pacific with the extensive collection in Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology, he then devised the theory of the "taxon cycle" to explain how ants adapt to adverse environmental conditions by colonizing new habitats and splitting into new species. The same pattern has since been observed among other insect and bird species. By the end of the s, Wilson had won recognition as the world's foremost authority on ants, but his studies in taxonomy and ecology ran contrary to prevailing fashion.
The discovery of the DNA molecule by James Watson and Francis Crick had focused the biological community's attention on the molecular basis of life and away from natural history and the study of species evolution.
Watson went so far as to compare natural history to stamp collecting.
Wilson knew better, and deployed advances in microchemistry to inform the traditional practices of natural history. Human nature is one idiosyncratic hodgepodge of traits out of many conceivable.
Chimpanzees are our little-brother species and similar in many respects, but no human could successfully emulate the life and behavior of a chimpanzee. Human behavior evolved during a 5 million year period as hunter-gatherers to confer genetic fitness: increased personal survival, increased personal reproduction, and the enhanced survival and reproduction of close relatives who share the same genes by common descent.
For example, incest taboos developed to prevent the physiological penalties of inbreeding and recessive genes which reduce fitness e. Although much racial variation diversity in behavior is culturally influenced, some has been shown to be genetic.
Phobias often deal with real ancient dangers. Is our free will only an illusion?
Human behavior cannot be reliably predicted beyond generalizations, because of mathematical indeterminacy and the uncertainty principle. A key to emergence of civilization is hypertrophy, the extreme growth of pre-existing structures—the basic social responses of the hunter-gatherers have metamorphosed into unexpectedly elaborate forms, e. Hostility feeds on itself and ignites runaway reactions rather than serving as a release i. War is usually based on an exaggerated ethnocentrism, an irrationally exaggerated allegiance to kin and fellow tribesmen.
We have a deep fear of strangers. Particular forms of aggression are not inherited. Militarism usually leads to expansionism, not just self-defense, and leads to survival of aggressive genes.
To provide a durable foundation for peace, we must promote political and cultural ties which create a confusion of cross-binding loyalties.
We must recognize our aggressive natures and work to overcome and master this tendency, which no longer serves us well. The two sexes allow the division of labor. There are genetic male-female differences Male dominance is universal in primitive cultures.
Biological differences do not alone prescribe a course of action in dealing with the sexes but help to define the options. The sexual bond transcends sexual activity, promoting the survival advantages conferred by family organization, etc. Human sexual organs are hypertrophic among the animals, emphasizing the importance to humans of sexuality. Sexual pleasure serves as an enabling device to promote bonding, not just procreation as Judeo-Christian tradition claims.
In his new preface, Edward O. Wilson reflects on how he came to write this book. The book tries to explain how different.
Edward O. Wilsons New Take on Human Nature. The eminent biologist argues in a office speichern unter pdf controversial new book that our Stone Age emotions are still at war with our. Humes A Treatise of Human Nature Instinct, human beings transcend the realm of nature and enter a realm. Naour, E.