Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG ). - Document reflects changes formally adopted until July -. Translations of these materials into languages . Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz - EEG Gesetz für den Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien I S. Zum PDF-Download auf den Seiten der juris GmbH. PDF. Der Ausbau der erneuerbaren Energien ist eine zentrale Säule der Energiewende. November im Beihilfe-Hauptprüfverfahren zum EEG (PDF:
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stetig wachsendem Anteil erneuerbarer Energie konsequent und planvoll fortführen. Gesetzes (EEG ) ist eine zentrale Maßnahme für die erfolgreiche. Hintergrundpapier Erneuerbares-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) Gesetz (EEG) werden die erneuerbaren Energien seit dem Jahr finanziert. Das EEG legt fest. 8. Nov. Das Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) bildet für den Ausbau der Diese Differenzkosten werden über die EEG-Umlage ausgeglichen.
The amendments yielded improvements for the entire range of renewables, increased the renewables target considerably, introduced new sustainability criteria for bioenergy, and extended industry privileges.
More specifically, the photovoltaic tariffs were reduced somewhat, but not enough to affect uptake. A new 'self-consumption incentive' granted a fixed tariff of A 'flexible degression cap' was introduced, under which the degression rate could be adjusted to keep the uptake of photovoltaics within a specified corridor.
The support for onshore wind improved. The initial tariff was raised, the repowering when old turbines are replaced by new bonus Repoweringbonus was increased, and an additional system service bonus was granted for specified technical contributions Systemdienstleistungen or SDL , including the ability to maintain voltage if the transmission grid fails.
The tariff for offshore wind was raised substantially. An additional 'early starter bonus' was offered for offshore wind farms entering operation before Support of biomass was also increased, with special bonuses for a number of different biomass types.
Biomass must also comply with specified ecological requirements to be eligible, these requirements being contained in a separate 'sustainability ordinance' Nachhaltigkeitsverordnung or BioSt-NachV.
The hydroelectricity tariffs were raised considerably and particularly for micro and small power plants. The tariffs for geothermal energy were raised considerably too, as was the cogeneration bonus.
An additional 'early starter bonus' was introduced for geothermal projects put into operation before New measures allowed grid operators to temporarily limit wind turbine output in times of network congestion, with compensation payable to the plant owner for lost remuneration. The government launched its national Energy Concept in September The growth in photovoltaics had exceeded all expectations.
As a result, the support costs had skyrocketed. The feed-in rate itself was dependent on the system size and the proportion of demand that was consumed on-site. Free-standing systems were excluded from using agricultural land. It also modified the flexible cap to better control the growth of photovoltaics. The new EEG sought to advance the dynamic expansion of renewable electricity generation, control the rising costs associated with the scheme, and enhance market and grid integration, while adhering to the principles of a feed-in system.
The revised system includes a market premium scheme, the market premium was intended to prepare renewables for the market and to eventually lower their dependence on explicit policy measures.
The new act included measures for the grid integration of photovoltaic systems. Grid operators could now limit the feed-in of photovoltaics in times of grid overload, with the plant operators receiving compensation for their loss of revenue.
A new ordinance required the retrofitting of photovoltaic systems to avoid the The system services bonus for onshore wind was extended and the repowering bonus was improved. Offshore wind gained through improved early starter provisions. The biomass tariff system itself was greatly simplified, with now four size categories and two fuel categories.
The tariffs for geothermal energy were raised and the start of the degression postponed until , albeit at an increased rate. Electricity storage facilities were fully exempted from grid charges and are to be supported by a special research program. As a result, the number of exempt firms rose from in to about in The exempted electricity load rose from This measure was aimed at preventing abuse through contracting.
The market premium is the difference between the EEG tariff and the average spot market price. An additional management premium reimbursed administration costs and mitigated against market risks. An additional flexibility premium was introduced for gas storage at biogas facilities.
The details of the market premium were to be provided in a following governmental directive, following parliamentary approval.
PV Act [ edit ] Despite the cutbacks in photovoltaic support, photovoltaic installations continued to boom. For the first time, cost control became the "determining factor" in the political debate over the EEG. The merit order effect occurs when preferentially dispatched wind and photovoltaic generation displaces more expensive fossil fuel generation from the margin — often gas-fired combined cycle plant — thereby driving down the cleared price.
This effect is more pronounced for photovoltaics because their midday peak correlates with the maximum generation requirement on the system. The merit order effect also lowers the revenues for conventional power plants and makes them less economically viable. A study finds that "in the case of the year , the volume of the merit order effect exceeds the volume of the net support payments for renewable electricity generation which have to be paid by consumers". If new additions exceed this corridor, the degression rises by 1.
The Act solves the problem of unequal distribution of burdens as in the EFL by requiring all electricity suppliers to have the same share of electricity from renewable energy in their fuel mix. For this purpose, grid operators need to balance amounts of electricity remunerated according to the Act in such a way that the share of the EEG electricity is equal on all grids on a three-month basis.
Then all electricity suppliers using the public electricity grid are obliged to download an equal share of EEG electricity at a price equal to the average remuneration paid for all EEG electricity.
This system has the effect that, not only the costs, but also the benefits, in the form of the generated electricity, are shared equally.
This distribution mechanism can be characterised as an ex-post quota, where electricity suppliers know only ex-post the share of renewable energy electricity they are obliged to download. With this design, there is no need to calculate the "real" value of the electricity fed-in.
On the other hand, the physical distribution of the renewable energy electricity among all suppliers gives rise to additional costs. The extra costs of regulation are not explicitly known. An additional ordinance issued in specifies which biogenic substances and which technical processes are eligible for remuneration according to the Renewable Energy Sources Act.
Originally, the remuneration to photovoltaic plants was limited to total capacity of MW.
In , this cap was increased to MW. In November , remuneration for photovoltaic installations was further differentiated depending on site specifics. A larger amendment came into force on 1 August Every two years, the parliament re-evaluates the Act on the basis of a report that is prepared by the Ministries of Economics and Technology, in close consultation with the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture.
Please see the following table for details on the tariffs: