GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS. Active and Passive Voice. Voice refers to the form of a verb that indicates when a grammatical subject performs the action. Active and passive voice: exercises with answers online, PDF worksheets and grammar rules. Examples: We speak English in this shop. - English is spoken in. Compare active voice and passive voice in different tenses. The Passive Voice—Form. Tense. Active. Passive = Be + Past Participle. Simple Present.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Dutch|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
INTRODUCTION. The passive of an active tense is formed by putting the verb to be into the same tense as the active verb and adding the past. ACTIVE vs. PASSIVE VOICE. Problem. Beginning or inattentive writers tend to overuse passive voice, which can weaken their prose, lead to the omission of. Page 1 on 5. Active and Passive Voice. Active Voice. In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in the verb; the subject acts.
Passive: Shall I not be helped by you? Active: Will they accept our invitation? Passive: Will our invitation be accepted by them? Passive: The invitation shall not have been accepted by us.
Active: She will have finished her work. Passive: Her work will have been finished by her. Active: They will have elected him their leader.
Passive: He will have been elected their leader by them. Changing an interrogative sentence into the passive Active: Will she have cooked the food?
Passive: Will the food have been cooked by her? Active: Will they have received our letter? Passive: Will our letter have been received by them? Active: Will they have caught the train?
Passive: Will the train have been caught by them? Active: Who will have opposed you? The continuous is as follows. Other continuous tenses are normally used in the active voice, not in the passive.
A new house is being built in our street. A new house was being built in our street.
In all the examples above the agent is not mentioned. We do not know who has written the letter or opened the shop. Flowers were planted in the garden. We do not know who did it. If we want to say who planted the flowers we mention the agent at the end of the sentence and use the preposition by. The flowers were planted by my mother. The window was smashed with a stone.
The stone is not the agent. We do not know who smashed the window. We only know how he or she did it. If there are both direct and indirect objects in the active voice My friend sent me a letter , the indirect object my friend , not the direct object a letter , becomes the subject in the passive voice.
My friend sent me a letter.
I was sent a letter by my friend. A letter was sent to me by my friend. This sentence does not sound natural in English. They offer Trevor a place. In the active voice some verbs are followed by the bare infinitive infinitive without to. In the passive form we use most such verbs with the infinitive with to.
We saw them come. She made him do it. They were seen to come.
He was made to do it. They let us go. The passive is used: If the action is more important then the agent. A demonstration has been held.
This theatre was built in The important thing is what happened, not who did it. If the agent is not known. He was offered a job. Someone offered him the job. They are supposed to be good students.
Some teachers suppose that. A new house is built in our street. The house is finished. They are building it these days, it is not finished. I was being introduced to Mrs.
Jones when her husband arrived. Her husband arrived in the middle of the introduction. When her husband arrived I was introduced to Mrs. Her husband arrived first and then she introduced me. This form is typical of an impersonal and formal style, that is why you can often find it in public notices, announcements, instructions or scientific articles.
English is spoken in this shop. Visitors are not allowed to smoke. The seal must be removed. In a less formal style the active voice is more usual. He was seen in Dover. In the English language this form is more frequent than in many other languages.
Moreover, you can find some stuctures in English which are not possible in some languages. I am told that you are going to have a baby. It is thought that the crises will end soon. Gerunds and infinitives If-conditional Time clauses Relative clauses Direct indirect object Indirect questions Reported speech. What you can find on this page: